Does my baby have acne?
All babies have beautiful skin but some newborns develop spots on their face in the early weeks. Sally J Hall discusses this common skin condition in babies with paediatric dermatologist Dr Tim Clayton MB CHB MRCPCH FRCP(Edin) of DermExpert.In this article we cover:
- What is baby acne?
- What causes baby acne?
- What does baby acne look like?
- Are there other conditions which might resemble baby acne?
- How to treat baby acne at home
- When should you see a doctor?
- Will it scar?
You expect skin breakouts in teenagers, but what is baby acne?
Many parents are quite surprised that babies can get spots too! Don’t worry, this is perfectly normal for newborns, and the spots will quickly get better without the need to do very much.
As a paediatric dermatologist, I know that any little spot or blemish can be worrying for new parents. My advice would be to understand what’s normal, what you need to look out for and when you might need to seek out more help.
Some babies develop spots, pimples, or bumps on their face during their first few weeks. This is called baby acne or neonatal acne and usually, this is nothing to worry about. Acne can appear on any part of the face or body, though it is usually found just on the nose, cheeks, and forehead.
Do we know what causes baby acne?
Babies are born with very sensitive skin and like many parts of their tiny bodies, it is still developing. It has just spent nine months inside you in the amniotic fluid, so it’s no surprise that the change from this to being in the air can cause a few skin problems! While we don’t know exactly what causes baby acne, it’s likely that the hormones that have been flowing around inside your body during pregnancy are to blame.
So, is it just like teenage acne?
Well, these hormones can stimulate the oil-producing glands in your baby’s skin, and this is the cause of those little spots that appear on your little one’s face. And in addition, your baby’s pores may become blocked by dead skin cells or dirt, and this may make the problem worse.
When is baby acne likely to start?
Dr Tim Clayton: These hormones usually start to cause problems from the second or third week of your baby’s life and may continue up to around their 12th week.
What does baby acne look like?
Your baby may have small red spots, raised bumps or what looks like a rash on their skin. Spots may be surrounded by clear skin, or there may be a collection of spots grouped together on a redder patch of skin.
Some spots may appear redder or angrier than others. You may even notice some small blackheads and clogged pores.
Are there other conditions which might resemble baby acne?
Yes, there are some other skin conditions and rashes that might be mistaken for newborn acne. And naturally, parents may worry that there is an underlying cause for a rash. Here are a few to look out for:
Milia – these are white spots under the skin, caused by skin cells blocking pores. They usually disappear within the first few weeks.
Erythema toxicum neonatorum – this is a red, blotchy rash on the face and body that usually clears up by itself and needs no further treatment.
Heat rash – caused when your little one is too warm.
Nappy rash – this is almost always restricted to beneath the nappy area.
Cradle cap – this is usually a flaky condition of the scalp.
Eczema – this is a condition of the skin that makes it dry and itchy. Speak to your health visitor or GP about ways to calm eczema.
Rashes – there are several types of rash that your baby may have that are due to other health conditions, allergies and sensitivities. If you are at all in doubt or suspect that your baby might have a health condition that needs attention, always speak to your GP.
Are there ways to treat baby acne at home?
It’s best to err on the side of caution and you should not try to do much about your baby’s acne. The dos and don’ts include:
Try to squeeze or pick the spots
Use any skin products, lotions, or oils on the affected skin
Use acne products designed for adults
Clean your baby’s face where affected with warm cotton wool and water a couple of times a day, or choose Huggies® Pure Extra Care for on-the-spot clean ups
Speak to your doctor to see if they can recommend any treatments
Use your breastmilk on the affected area – it can ‘cure’ many skin problems
When should you see a doctor?
Usually, baby acne clears up on its own but do speak to your doctor if it doesn’t clear up after a few weeks, if it looks very red or you think it is possibly infected. If your little one has a temperature, the spots have a discharge or look angry and inflamed, these may be indications of infection.
Will baby acne leave a scar?
Don’t worry, unless the spots are very large and inflamed, they usually do not leave scars. By the time your little one is a few months old, they will develop that wonderful peachy smooth skin.
Be kind to the most gentle skin with Huggies® wipes
Our instinct as parents is to protect. When it comes to caring for your newborn, that new responsibility can be daunting. Huggies® have been helping parents clean, wipe and care for their little ones for years. Lean on us for expert advice on nappy rash, jaundice, baby massage and more.